What Happens in the Theatre Should Not Stay in the Theatre

You may not have read before but there was a massive riot in the Bible and it might show us how the Bible teaches to respond to mob riots. First, the story from Acts 19.

"About that time no little disturbance broke out concerning the Way. A man named Demetrius, a silversmith who made silver shrines of Artemis, brought no little business to the artisans. These he gathered together, with the workers of the same trade, and said, ‘Men, you know that we get our wealth from this business. You also see and hear that not only in Ephesus but in almost the whole of Asia this Paul has persuaded and drawn away a considerable number of people by saying that gods made with hands are not gods. And there is danger not only that this trade of ours may come into disrepute but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis will be scorned, and she will be deprived of her majesty that brought all Asia and the world to worship her.’"

Commentary: Paul is converting people away from the religion of the state and this is affecting the finances of the silver business who makes money by selling silver statues of the state goddess: Artemis/Diana. The silver traders get angry and stir up the crowd.

"When they heard this, they were enraged and shouted, ‘Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!’ The city was filled with the confusion; and people rushed together to the theatre, dragging with them Gaius and Aristarchus, Macedonians who were Paul’s travelling-companions. Paul wished to go into the crowd, but the disciples would not let him; even some officials of the province of Asia, who were friendly to him, sent him a message urging him not to venture into the theatre." 

Commentary: The mob is wrapped up in a frenzy and begin to chant the mantra of the state. This mantra functions as a quick way to determine who is the 'other'. Like if you are at a soccer game and your team begins to chant their songs, you can quickly see who is on your side and who is not. The crowd sees there are a few people not chanting the team mantra and they drag them into the theatre. Also notice that Paul wants to get into the thick of things, but his disciples do not allow him - they know he will be killed. Paul's disciples know what happens to leaders who step into the mob. The heard what happened to Jesus and did not want the same thing to happen to Paul. 

"Meanwhile, some were shouting one thing, some another; for the assembly was in confusion, and most of them did not know why they had come together. Some of the crowd gave instructions to Alexander, whom the Jews had pushed forward. And Alexander motioned for silence and tried to make a defence before the people. But when they recognized that he was a Jew, for about two hours all of them shouted in unison, ‘Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!’" 

Commentary: Notice that the crowd is clear who is on their side but they do not agree who is the cause of their tension and scandal - "they did not know why they had come together". Some might have been shouting it was one of Paul's disciples while others blame Paul and still others blame someone else. There is confusion. Then Alexander is pushed forward and it is now clear to the mob that here is an outsider (he is not chanting the mantra) and he is also being pushed forward by a small group. These two factors is all it takes to have a cascade of agreement in the mob. Before Alexander can even say a word, the mob is unified and for two hours chant the mantra of the group. For two hours Alexander knew he was in great danger of death and for two hours he faced the reality that he was the mob's scapegoat. He could have chimed in on the mob's chant, but he remained faithful. His faithfulness is not just that he would not agree that there was another god, but he was faithful to exposing the cycle of violence. Even if he joined in the mob's chant, they still were in frenzied scandal and they would find another person to scapegoat/kill. Alexander is like Christ in that he was pushed into something that he did not choose but then chose to stay in the bullseye of the mob in order to expose the cycle of violence. He did not fight back. He just took the unjustness of the crowd and faced death. 

Theatre in Ephesus

Theatre in Ephesus

"But when the town clerk had quietened the crowd, he said, ‘Citizens of Ephesus, who is there that does not know that the city of the Ephesians is the temple-keeper of the great Artemis and of the statue that fell from heaven? Since these things cannot be denied, you ought to be quiet and do nothing rash. You have brought these men here who are neither temple-robbers nor blasphemers of our goddess. If therefore Demetrius and the artisans with him have a complaint against anyone, the courts are open, and there are proconsuls; let them bring charges there against one another. If there is anything further you want to know, it must be settled in the regular assembly. For we are in danger of being charged with rioting today, since there is no cause that we can give to justify this commotion.’ When he had said this, he dismissed the assembly."

Commentary: Just as Alexander teaches us how to behave like Christ when you are being scapegoated, the county clerk teaches us how to behave like Christ when we are a part of the mob. The clerk has cultivated the authority to speak to the group and call out the real nature of the scandal. Both Alexander and the clerk reveal non-violent resistance in a very hostile situation. 

Who can be the clerk of today? Who can speak with authority to a group and be clear to the scandal of our times? I would submit that the voice of nonviolent resistance is in the Church. The problem is that we have lost our voice. We have become so timid to speak out of fear we will be thrown into the center of the mob's hate. We fear we are going to lose members and money so we instead of calling the mob to task, we are often the ones who quietly join the chant of the mob. 

Personally, I do not know how to be a voice speaking to the mob. The complexities of the world and the lack of knowledge and effort on my own part leads me mute. For all the failings in the Church, it is clear that these failings are in me. So I pray that what happened in the theatre with Alexander and the clerk does not stay in the theatre.

If You Can Ride a Bike You Are Just as Bias as "The Media"

I know this will take a few minutes, but if you are like me it will make you smile and illustrate something that we all know but think we are a immune to it - You are just as bias as "The Media"

We all like to think that there is an objective position that we can take that will lead us to "The Objective And Universal Truth". Many of us expect "The Media" should take the objective position. Many a people claim that The Media is bias and thus only watch/listen to news that they agree with - because that news outlet is not bias. If there is an Objective and Universal Truth, then we human beings are not able to ever take the Objective position to get see it.

We all are bias. We all have brain patterns that force us to see the world in a particular way that makes "total sense" to us (and maybe others like us), but does not make sense to others. You want to know why common sense is not so common? Because Common Sense is at best local and most often at a personal level. 

So the next time we Christians make statements of Truth, may we do so with an awareness that if we cannot ride a backwards bike without months of practice, then we may not know what the hell Truth is.

So let us err on the side of Love.

Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFzDaBzBlL...

Decline of Malls and the Church

The Gruen Effect, episode 163 of the podcast 99% Invisible, shares the story of an architect who desired to build third places for those living in suburban areas. The idea morphed over time and became what we now call the "shopping mall". The shopping mall was a shell of what Victor Gruen imagined and since their peak in the 1990's shopping malls have been in decline. The last new indoor shopping mall was built in 2006. 

This does not mean that Americans are less consumeristic and thus the mall is no longer financially stable. People shop and spend but now there is a massive trend not only to move away from the indoor shopping mall but to move toward "lifestyle centers".

These are areas where people live, work and shop all in the same area. In the area I live there you can see Southlake Town Square or West 7th as a lifestyle center. 

When I heard this story, I could not help but think about the Church. Specifically how the Church has had the mall mentality and how there needs to be a shift. The Church could/should shift to lifestyle centers mentality. Church is not someplace you attend, but something you live. Religion is not something that is separate from your life but interwoven into it.

As Churchill once said, "We shape our buildings, thereafter they shape us." Christianity has shaped the faith around buildings (like malls) and we now come to think that our faith is separate from our lives. So what would it look like for Christianity to move away from the mall mentality of doing Church? What sort of ways would a lifestyle center sort of Church shape Christians in the next 100 years?

Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/comm...

RobCast - The Podcast by Rob Bell

Rob Bell has created a podcast entitled "Robcast". It is not bad if you like Rob Bell but if you don't then you might not. I happen to like him and so I am enjoying the "Robcast". 

"Salmon River" by Fredlyfish4 at the English language Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salmon_River.JPG#/media/File:Salmon_River.JPG

"Salmon River" by Fredlyfish4 at the English language Wikipedia. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salmon_River.JPG#/media/File:Salmon_River.JPG

In the second episode Bell spoke of the saying: first a mountain is a mountain and a river is a river, then a mountain is not a mountain and a river is not a river, and then a mountain is a mountain and a river is a river again.

Bell goes through and talks about how when we are young we believe things are what others tell us they are. A river is a river and a mountain is a mountain. God is in heaven, Jesus died for you, etc.

At some point in our lives we begin to question everything. This is natural and only the most insecure of adults fear this when they see younger generations go through this process of deconstructing. A river is no longer a river and a mountain is no longer a mountain. God is not in heaven, Jesus did not die for you specifically, etc.

This is where the challenge is. Once we deconstruct the things in our lives, the next part of life is to reconstruct something out of those pieces. Over time many of the things that we learned when we were small and then broke apart begin to make sense in a different way than they did before. We may not believe that God is an actual man in the clouds, but we are comfortable talking about the hands and feet of God once again. We understand things in a different way even though we may use language we previously dismissed. The river is a river again, and the mountain is a mountain again. God is in heaven, Jesus died for you, etc. 

Not everything will return. That is true. After Seminary I cannot go back to seeing God exclusively as a male. After my sons were born I cannot go back to seeing God as demanding the death of Jesus. After seeing where the logic takes me, I can no longer affirm that everything happens for a reason. There are somethings that may be discarded for a long time.

First a mountain is a mountain and a river is a river, then a mountain is not a mountain and a river is not a river, and then a mountain is a mountain and a river is a river again.